Sri Lanka the Pearl in the Indian Ocean

 

Sri LankaNestled in the Indian Ocean, surrounded by bountiful waves and exotic beauty all around, Sri Lanka is known to many as the Pearl of the Indian Ocean and is a true paradise on earth.  With beautiful golden beaches, splendid terrains and jungles, as well as cultural and historical sites, this picturesque island provides an abundant source of attractions and places to visit.

Sri Lanka, which is one of the world’s most loved tourist destinations, offers visitors many recreational activities along with rest and relaxation means such as Ayurveda and meditation centres. Rejuvenate your mind, body and soul as you unravel the mysteries of this resplendent isle.

With culture overflowing in every corner of this beautiful island, events & festivals occurring throughout the year, no matter the time of year, Sri Lanka will provide you with a galore of excitement and fun.

With a world of excitement and people who welcome you with warm friendly smiles, discover the rich historical and cultural attractions that promises a holiday that you will remember for the rest of your life.

 

History of Sri Lanka

Since the time of Prince Vijaya (who was the son of King Sinhabahu and Queen Sinhasivali) set foot in Taprobane, it marked a turning point in history of the 2500 years of civilisation. When the newly arrived prince made relations with the native inhabitants and eventually married the local Queen Kuveni it started off the events that would shape the history of this country. This event has been documented in the Pali chronicles of Dipavamsa, Mahavamsa, Thupavamsa and the Chulavamsa.

With a diverse and colourful history that followed, many battles and kingdoms have risen and fallen, in the dynasties of Kandy, Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa and Jaffna. Following the arrival of the Portuguese, an era of colonialism arrived. From the early 16th century to as recent as 1948, when Sri Lanka, then Ceylon attained its independence, the Portuguese, Dutch and British ruled over the land.

After almost five centuries of colonial rule, Sri Lanka was given independence in 1948 of February 4th. Under the guidance of Don Stephen Senenayake, who was appointed as Sri Lanka’s first Prime Minister, ensured that they were free of government by the British Commonwealth.

Following the liberation of Sri Lanka, the population has faced many strife and victory. United as a country, this paradise island hopes to keep its history alive and strong for the future generations to come. 

Economy of Sri Lanka

Known as the Pearl of the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka is a paradise island that is gifted with the bounties of nature. With terrains that are home to different climates, high and low grounds, the land is ideal for agriculture and other industries which provide indications of the country’s economic stability.

The government controls a country that follows a form of mixed economy, whereby capitalist and socialist vantages have been utilised to benefit the overall affect of the land. Being an agricultural country, Sri Lanka grows numerous crops but rice is considered its key product. Tea, coconut and rubber are the nation’s secondary exports with the tea industry being one of the island’s main export and foreign exchange earners.

Other crops include spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg, cardamom, pepper and cloves as well as the likes of cocoa. Furthermore due to Sri Lanka’s tropical climate, the island is home to a bountiful offering of fruits and vegetables.

Apart from agriculture and tea, other industries such as tourism, apparel and textiles have emerged as key factors in the growth of the economy.

The following includes information with regard to the economy of Sri Lanka as of the year 2008.

 

Government of Sri Lanka

The Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka features an Executive Presidency that is based on the French system. The title of the Head of State is known as the Executive which is held by a President that is elected for a period of 6 years and can be reelected for a second term.

The country has a government that is currently held by the Sri Lanka Freedom Party. After the 2005 elections, the Honourable President Mahinda Rajapksa was appointed as chief of state while Honourable Ratnasiri Wickremanayake was named Prime Minister.

Sri Lanka also has a unicameral national legislature which features a parliament with 225 seats whose members are elected by a vote from a list on a popular vote basis.

Under an amendment made to the constitution, 9 directly elected provincial councils were given extensive authority which was designed to give more authority to minorities in the country.

The country’s legal system follows a mixture of English Common Law, Roman Dutch Law in addition to Kandyan and Jaffna Tamil Law.  The Judiciary is elected by the president while the two most important courts in the country are the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals.